NAi China workshop | background

China Social Housing Building Plan | source; ChinaTells
China Social Housing Building Plan | source; ChinaTells

There are several sources one can look into while conducting research on China’s current housing situation. In preparation for the “NAi China Housing workshop” we tagged our daily news-resources [China Daily, Foreign Policy, Global Times, ChinaTells and others], scanned our library and talked to people. 4 examples.

1. Affordable housing for low-income earners | China Daily, January 26, 2011

Experts forecast another 400 million people from the country’s rural areas will live in cities within 20 years, posing a great challenge for the government to address the issue of residential housing. (…) In 2011, Jiangsu province will start to build 135,000 units of affordable housing, said Pan Yonghe, head of the province’s finance department. Besides Jiangsu province, efforts have been made all across China to build affordable housing. For instance, north China’s Inner Mongolia autonomous region plans to build over 400,000 units of affordable housing this year, half of the last five years’ total number. Northern Shanxi Province will construct 280,000 units, one-third of the last five years’ total number, among others. Altogether, China plans to build 10 million units of affordable housing in 2011, a sharp increase from last year’s 5.9 million units, according to the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD).

2. Tulou | Urbanus Architecture & Design

Tulou pictures by Chaoyin Yang & Yan Meng
Tulou pictures by Chaoyin Yang & Yan Meng

3. Housing and Urban Upgrading in Yantai China | UN Habitat

This report examines the housing problems in China about two decades ago. It describes the miracle China has made in the field of housing and urban development in the face of such a rapid urbanization. It illustrates how China achieve such a great achievement through the case studies in Yantai and describes the types of housing and urban upgrading initiatives in Yantai.

Housing and Urban Upgrading in Yantai China | UN Habitat, 2007
Housing and Urban Upgrading in Yantai China | UN Habitat, 2007

4. DASH

DASH stands for Delft Architectural Studies on Housing Design. It is a new international and interdisciplinary biannual wholly devoted to housing construction. In the Netherlands, housing design is still one of the most large-scale and important tasks for architects. The worldwide renown of the Dutch tradition of housing design stands in stark contrast to current practices in housing construction, which is increasingly limited to a repetition of existing solutions. Many topical questions with regard to issues such as densification, privacy and mobility remain unanswered. (…) Themes to be addressed include the interrelationship of public, collective and private space both in the city and within the built structure, the importance of appearance and space in the design, and the formulation of ideas about (housing) design over the last 50 years.
DASH aims to make an international contribution to housing design from a Dutch perspective.

This edition of DASH searches for about the best floor plan between standard and ideal. One that meets the (changing) needs of the resident, and is optimal for architects and real estate entrepreneurs. A housing that meets both individual needs, but also benefits from the production scale and technical advantages of standard housing. Is a merger of these requests possible? DASH investigates and comes up with new ideas.

Though ‘mass customization’ has for some time been the magic word with which to bid farewell to the mass production of the twentieth century, it seems that ‘standardized solutions’ are still the norm in everyday construction practice. In conservative construction industry, strict rules and limited budgets force architects to make the most of the available means in order to produce an ideal design. The Residential Floor Plan focuses on this dilemma faced by housing architects. The volume takes two different approaches: firstly, the quest for new typologies we are already familiar with from modern architecture and the welfare state; and second the typological invention, which by contrast proceeds from the conventions of existing practice in residential construction. The residential floor plan is the palette on which these different thrusts of development are preeminently visible.

Essays by Bart Goldhoorn, Mark Swenarton, Dorine van Hoogstraten and Dirk van den Heuvel examine the tradition of mass residential construction in the Netherlands and survey historical and current design practices in Great Britain, Eastern Europe and Russia. The plan documentation consists of a series of classic and less familiar projects from the Netherlands and beyond, including projects by Diener & Diener, Frits van Dongen, Kenneth Frampton, MVRDV, Adolf Rading, Hans Scharoun and Willem van Tijen.

DASH 04: The Residential Floor Plan - Standard and Ideal | NAi publishers
DASH 04: The Residential Floor Plan - Standard and Ideal | NAi publishers


MORE INFO:

NAi China Housing workshop | Hangzhou, April 25-27, 2011

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