After Rotterdam and Amsterdam, there was Enschede, located in the North-East of the Netherlands. The final day of the NAi China Program [see day 1 & day 2] consisted of a visit to the city’s Roombeek area. Here, in May 2000, a catastrophic fireworks explosion occurred killing 23 people and destroying 40 hectare area around the warehouse. Around 400 houses were destroyed, 15 streets incinerated and a total of 1,500 homes were damaged, leaving 1,250 people homeless – essentially obliterating the neighbourhood of Roombeek.
A decade later, the Roombeek area seemed to be in the process of recovering well. While large part of the plan is realised by private contractors and contains both free standing villa’s and diverse row houses, important pillars of the masterplan by Pi de Bruijn  include a number of former textile businesses, the original street layout, the route of an old railway line and the idea of reintroducing the ‘Roombeek’ waterway. As part of rebuilding a community along with new opportunities for city building, the project website states:
The reconstruction plan was devised in close consultation with affected residents who wished to return to the neighbourhood. In part on their request, the history and identity of the area were given a great deal of consideration.
Following architects were present during the third and last day:
- Xiaodu LIU 刘晓都 [URBANUS 都市实践]
- ZHU Xiaofeng 祝晓蜂 [Scenic Architecture 山水秀]
- Doreen Heng LIU 刘珩 [NODE 南沙原创建筑工作室]
- HE Jian Xiang 何健翔 [O-Office 源计划 工作室]
- YAO Jing 姚京 [Interior Design China 《室内设计》]
Pictures by movingcities.org