China is in transit and subways are sprouting around and under us. China is not only an urban nation, but with about 2500 kilometers of subway lines nationwide under construction it also more and more a subway nation. In December 2009, subway Line7, also called the Expo Line, opened in Shanghai (check subway map), connecting Shanghai University in the North and Huamu Road (Pudong) in the South of Shanghai. MovingCities went exploring the area around the Changzhong Road, just South of the University, drove through a rural and urban mix and came back with snapshots. Also, belated demolishment snapshots from a section of Changyang Rd.
Whether in Guangzhou (Line5), Shanghai (Line7) or Beijing (Line4), China’s future seems to happen underground, less visible, less fancy, seemingly less appealing than “architecture”, the future of the city is more about mobility than it will be about creating monuments. According to an article in China Daily called “Subway projects in 22 cities given go-ahead” (August 21, 2009) as many as 79 subway projects in 22 cities have been approved by the State Council:
As many as 79 subway projects in 22 cities have been approved by the State Council, China’s cabinet, the China Business News reported Friday, citing a senior official of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD). The subway lines will be built around 2015, with lengths totaling 2,259.84 km and overall investment amounting to 882 billion yuan ($129.11 billion), said Lu Kehua, head of the urban development department of MOHURD.
As of the end of 2008, China has 29 urban mass transit lines in 10 cities, with a total mileage of 776 km and annual traffic volume reaching 2.21 billion, Lu said. About 50 subways are under construction in 15 cities with mileages totaling 1,154 km, he added.
The State Council sets three criteria on assessing a city’s application for subway projects: the city’s urban population should exceed 3 million, its general domestic product should surpass 100 billion yuan, and it can collect over 10 billion yuan in fiscal revenues, according to the China Business News.
Some recent snapshots of Shanghai subways and streets.
Pictures by movingcities.org