The Suramadu – short for Surabaya-Madura – Bridge (Indonesian: Jembatan Suramadu), is a bridge connecting Surabaya on the island of Java and the town of Bangkalan on the island of Madura. Opened in June 2009, the 5.4-km bridge is the longest in Indonesia and the first bridge to cross the Madura Strait. Snapshots from Suramadu and Surabaya’s Eastern shore.
Construction of the bridge was started in August 2003. From the end of 2004 to November 2005 the construction was halted, due to lack of funds. But that was not the only problems facing the progress of construction as Indonesia’s Vice President, from 2004 to 2009, Jusuf Kalla stated in 2008 when inspecting the works: “The main obstruction to the construction is not the availability of funds but technical problems, land acquisition and other social issues.” One of the companies involved in the construction states that the bridge acts as a socializer between the two different island. In “Semen Gresik Socializes Suramadu, the Java-Madura Linking Bridge“:
As we all know that the construction of Suramadu Bridge has become a new history of project execution; in Indonesia it is the first time for us to build a bridge linking two different islands with two different cultures. Having 5,438 meter length, Suramadu Bridge turns out to be a bridge having high complexity and been built at very high cost. Therefore, we need to socialize the construction activities of the bridge to our societies.
The ongoing ambitions to develop the area around the Suramadu bridge includes the development of the so-called Suramadu Marina Town, featuring a program of exhibition centers, waterfront retail entertainment, theme park, office space and high-end waterfront housing. A bit more to the East the shoreline is planned to be developed further into business and tourism leisure areas, featuring alternating programs of beach, coastal and wetland parks.
Driving through this area, one notices that these ambitions have been implemented as fragments: there is a theme park that seems to have been closed down before it even opened, there is a weird university faculty building rising out of the field, a Chinese pagoda and clusters of thriving fishing villages along the coastline.
Pictures by movingcities.org
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