EMG set up EMGdotART Foundation[in 2012] – the first art and culture foundation established by a Chinese enterprise, to have a permanent gallery and headquarters in the heart of Venice, Italy.
Taking place on the ground floor the historic Palazzo Zen 禅宫 – newly renovated by Chinese architectural studio O-OFFICE源计划 工作室 – ADAPTATION应变 – selected as one of 21 Collateral Events – is curated by Marino Folin & MovingCities. Presenting a profession in progress, the exhibition features recently completed projects, some even under construction [others on research-phase] – by 11 Chinese architectural practices – through the media of photography, architectural models, sketches, design objects, reels and newly commissioned audio-visuals.
A productive preview and last updates after the break. Continue reading “ADAPTATION 应变 | La Biennale di Venezia exhibition at Palazzo Zen”
On a random drive through many cities in Indonesia one encounters shopping malls, self-built houses, neo-Victorian villas, and mid- to high-rise buildings all in close proximity and, seemingly, all the result of an absence of urban planning. For example, in Jakarta – the capital of Indonesia – the population has grown from 4.8 million in 1975 to an expected 17.5 million by 2015, giving the impression that when it comes to architecture, anything goes. With Indonesia’s closeness to the Equator, architects have reacted to its hot and humid tropical climate-where daily temperatures range from 25-38°C-by internalizing living, leisure, and work, with shopping malls – catering to the burgeoning middle – class – being the epicenters of urban life and interior design ingenuity. Yet, the first signs of a more sustainable and contemporary approach to architecture in the world’s fourth largest country [population-wise] are beginning to show.
According to Andra Matin, one of Indonesia’s most acclaimed independent architects, “tropical design is more like an experimental eld rather than an established style”, leading to an architecture that tries to “find the best answer to ever-varying questions”. On being an architect in Indonesia, Andra Matin asserts, “our culture is like an unpolished diamond; and I believe this gives way too many possibilities. Because building regulations aren’t strict and the Indonesian culture is so diverse and rich, one has the freedom to put one’s inspiration to work.” Contemporary Indonesian architecture, reflecting the hundreds of cultures and thousands of islands in the archipelago, sets the attention to local conditions and infuses these with global inspiration.
While guest-editing this special issue of UrbanFlux, MovingCities and Indonesian architect Danny Wicaksono wishes to give a selected insight into the notions of tropical architectural design by focusing on what local architects have constructed, researched and learned. Most importantly, it is the embracing of the climatic condition as a design parameter that influences architectural designs and gives way to particular design strategies and use of materials. These climatic concerns are not new. When we look at fragments of Indonesia’s twentieth century architecture – whether buildings are developed by Dutch (Hendrik Petrus Berlage(1856-1934), C.P. Wolff Schoemaker(1882-1949)), under colonial circumstances, or American (a title=”Paul Rudolph | Jakarta + Surabaya | MovingCities” href=”https://movingcities.org/movingmemos/paul-rudolph-indonesia-july11/” target=”_blank”>Paul Rudolph (1918-1997)), prior to the 1990s recession – a concern for the incorporation of the climate and the local culture is at the center of the country’s critical construction tradition. For this issue, scholar Mohammad Nanda Widyarta puts focus on the country’s colonial architectural history, Danny Wicaksono traces the origins of contemporary independent architectural practice after 1998 and Farid Rakun critically questions the country’s current creative, architectural and urban development.
On the other hand, this magazine tries to capture the dawn of a new architectural awareness in today’s Indonesia. Due to social and economical development, young architects get oftentimes the chance to build. Initially limited to family houses and villas, these young architectural practices – such as SUB, d-associates, Studio Dasar, HGT Architects, Willis Kusuma Architects – are set to explore, oftentimes with very limited budgets, a new architectural language. At the very same time, an older generation of architects – such as aforementioned Andra Matin, or Adi Purnomo/mamostudio, Eko Prawoto, ABODAY and Studio TonTon – have for more than a decade sought and found their position as architects, now they need an critical eye, international appeal and approval.
Adi Purnomo is somewhat of an exception within Indonesian architecture. His practice, mamostudio, is a deliberately low staffed: “A small studio is like a mosquito that touches the surface of water without being immersed in it.” The architect, who is also a writer and researcher, conveys, “…on the other hand, its level of professionalism could be questioned. Therefore, I am experimenting with the productivity of this kind of studio model.” Here, his built projects and research studies are featured – addressing issues of population, food production and infrastructural development. Complementing these approaches, an emphasis was also laid on non-profit and community based architectural endeavors, hence the inclusion of artist/architect Eko Prawoto’s community-based reconstruction of an earthquake stricken area and the Rumah Asuh’s “Preservation of the Mbaru Niang”-project, which received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2013 and is located in a very remote condition.
MovingCities and Danny Wicaksono wishes to thank UrbanFlux editorial team in providing the opportunity to present, for the first time, contemporary Indonesian architecture to a Chinese public.
阿迪·普尔诺莫可能是印尼建筑里的一个例外，他的工作室mamostudio故意保持尽可能小的规模：“一个小的工作室就好像水蚊子，它贴近水面，但是不会被水包围和淹没。”这位建筑师，同时也是一位作家和研究者表示“但另一方面，人们会质疑工作室的专业性，因此我是在试验这种工作室的工作模式。”工作室里展示着建成的项目和研究性的项目，它们突出人口、食品生产、基础设施建设等问题。与这一类形成补充的是另外一种致力于非营利性或社区型建筑项目的团队，这些项目包括由艺术家/建筑师艾科·普拉沃托以社区为基础的震后重建项目，以及Rumah Asuh团队的曾获得2013阿卡汗建筑奖（Aga Khan Award for Architecture）的位于极为偏远地段的Mbaru Niang保护项目。
MovingCities is a Shanghai-based think-tank investigating the role of architecture and urbanism in shaping the contemporary city. Established in 2007 by Bert de Muynck [BE] and Mónica Carriço [PT], MovingCities publishes, collaborates talks and walks, and operate as embedded architects. During the past years MovingCities has conducted research, lectures, creative consultancy and workshops in China, Israel, Sweden, Netherlands, Finland, Indonesia and Italy.
MovingCities wishes to thank the many individuals who contributed their valuable time and expertise through the interviews, texts, photography and projects that form the foundation of this issue. 感谢：MovingCities在此对接受采访、提供文字、图片以及项目案例的诸位表示由衷的感谢，感谢他们对于胡同专辑所付出的宝贵时间及专业建树。 For further inquiries, updates, background, interviews and lectures related to URBAN FLUX #34 Indonesia Architecture contact MovingCities: info [at] movingcities [dot] org